Illicium is rich in essential oils including anethole, safrole, cineole, pinene, and limonine[ii]. Additionally, it is rich in shikimic acid, the precursor molecule used to produce the antiviral drug Tamiflu. Illicium is also an antioxidant, and has pain relieving and sedative effects[iii]. The essential oil of Illicium has been shown in studies to be potently antifungal[iv]. Additionally, extracts of Illicium have been shown to be extremely effective against antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria including MRSA[v] and there have been studies demonstrating strong inhibitory effects against malaria[vi].